Organic Food 101

4Organic food is the fastest growing necessity in the world. More and more people switch to an organic diet every day. The continuously increasing demand fuels a similar increase in the supply. This is why more and more organic farms are being made. The increased supply has greatly improved the accessibility and availability of the said commodity. Growing awareness of the negative effects of conventional food has caused a great boom in the demand for the healthy product. At present, the demand is so high that it way exceeds the supply. This is believed to be unexpected because the price of the product is around 20-100% more than that of traditional foods.

What is Organic Food?
It is a type of food that aims to support the sustainability of both the human body and the environment through food production that does not cause negative impact on the surroundings. Organic farming was developed with the aim of better preserving the planet. This is because traditional farming which involves the use of numerous synthetic and toxic chemicals is very harmful to the environment. The chemicals pollute the soil, killing microorganism and depriving it of nutrition. This will eventually lead to desolation and death of the land. A dead land is one that has soil that can no longer properly support the growth of plants. Part of the chemicals also evaporate and contribute to the already pressing problem in air pollution. The worst happens when the chemicals are able to reach and contaminate ground water.

What is does the term organic mean?
Organic is a term used to describe food that is produced and processed in such a way that it does not hurt the environment. There are strict regulations that must be followed and severe qualifications that should be obtained before a farm can earn the title organic and gaining the right to label its produce as such. The soil is first required to be safe and void of any chemicals or synthetic substances for at least a set number of years (usually two years). Then the processes employed in the farm are tested. No pesticides or artificial fertilizers should be used on the crops and no growth hormones and periodic antibiotics should be given to the livestock.

Genetically Modified Organisms are prohibited
Genetically modified organisms or GMOs should not exist anywhere in the farm. GMOs are plants or animals that have been subjected to genetic engineering to apply specific changes to their DNA. Conventional farms tend to subject their crops and livestock to genetic engineering to improve their desirable characteristics. Genetic engineering is still a new science and it has not yet been ascertained that consumption of GMOs has no adverse effects on humans.

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